Coloring problem of signed interval graphs

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Faculty of Mathematics, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

A signed graph $(G,\sigma)$ is a graph‎ ‎together with an assignment of signs $\{+,-\}$ to its edges where‎ ‎$\sigma$ is the subset of its negative edges‎. ‎There are a few variants of coloring and clique problems of‎ ‎signed graphs‎, ‎which have been studied‎. ‎An initial version known as vertex coloring of signed graphs is defined by Zaslavsky in $1982$‎. ‎Recently Naserasr et. al., in [R‎. ‎Naserasr‎, ‎E‎. ‎Rollova and E‎. ‎Sopena‎, ‎Homomorphisms of signed graphs‎, ‎J‎. ‎Graph Theory‎, 79‎‎ (2015) 178--212, have defined signed chromatic and signed clique numbers of signed graphs‎. ‎In this paper we consider the latter mentioned problems for signed interval graphs‎. ‎We prove that the coloring problem of signed‎ ‎interval graphs is NP-complete whereas their ordinary coloring‎ ‎problem (the coloring problem of interval graphs) is in P‎. ‎Moreover we prove that the signed clique problem of a‎ ‎signed interval graph can be solved in polynomial time‎. ‎We also consider the‎ ‎complexity of further related problems‎.


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