Document Type : Research Paper

**Authors**

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, 710129, Xi’an, Shaanxi, P. R. China

**Abstract**

The concept of energy of a signed digraph is extended to iota energy of a signed digraph. The energy of a signed digraph $S$ is defined by $E(S)=\sum_{k=1}^n|{Re}(z_k)|$, where ${Re}(z_k)$ is the real part of eigenvalue $z_k$ and $z_k$ is the eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of $S$ with $n$ vertices, $k=1, 2,\ldots,n$. Then the iota energy of $S$ is defined by $E(S)=\sum_{k=1}^n|{Im}(z_k)|$, where ${Im}(z_k)$ is the imaginary part of eigenvalue $z_k$. In this paper, we consider a special graph class for bicyclic signed digraphs $\mathcal{S}_n$ with $n$ vertices which have two vertex-disjoint signed directed even cycles. We give two iota energy orderings of bicyclic signed digraphs, one is including two positive or two negative directed even cycles, the other is including one positive and one negative directed even cycles.

**Keywords**

**Main Subjects**

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September 2021

Pages 187-200

**Receive Date:**08 January 2021**Revise Date:**11 March 2021**Accept Date:**24 March 2021**Published Online:**01 September 2021