Document Type : Research Paper

**Author**

Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, 71457-44776, Iran

**Abstract**

For any simple graph $G$, the signless Laplacian matrix of $G$ is defined as $D(G)+A(G)$, where $D(G)$ and $A(G)$ are the diagonal matrix of vertex degrees and the adjacency matrix of $G$, respectively. %Let $\chi(G)$ be the chromatic number of $G$ Let $q(G)$ be the signless Laplacian spectral radius of $G$ (the largest eigenvalue of the signless Laplacian matrix of $G$). In this paper we find some relations between the chromatic number and the signless Laplacian spectral radius of graphs. In particular, we characterize all graphs $G$ of order $n$ with odd chromatic number $\chi$ such that $q(G)=2n\Big(1-\frac{1}{\chi}\Big)$. Finally we show that if $G$ is a graph of order $n$ and with chromatic number $\chi$, then under certain conditions, $q(G)<2n\Big(1-\frac{1}{\chi}\Big)-\frac{2}{n}$. This result improves some previous similar results.

**Keywords**

**Main Subjects**

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December 2022

Pages 327-334

**Receive Date:**23 July 2021**Revise Date:**03 December 2021**Accept Date:**07 December 2021**Published Online:**01 December 2022